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Match / Match Statistics / Applicant Survey 2008 Part 1

Applicant Survey - 2008 - Part 1

2008 APPIC Match: Survey of Internship Applicants
Part 1: Summary of Survey Results

July 27, 2008


This report contains the first of three parts of the results from the survey of applicants who were registered for the 2008 APPIC Match.

This survey of applicants who were registered for the 2008 APPIC Match was conducted via the internet between February 25 and April 2, 2008. All 3,759 applicants who registered for the APPIC Match were sent an e-mail message (along with two reminder e-mails) about the availability of the survey at a specific internet address. A total of 2,637 internship applicants (70%) completed some or all of the survey.

Results of the survey are presented below. Missing data and "Not Applicable" responses were eliminated, and percentages do not necessarily total 100% due to rounding. Some survey items requested open-ended comments about the AAPI, APPIC Directory Online, the Match, etc. that are not reported below. However, these anonymous comments were reviewed by the appropriate APPIC Board and/or committee members who are responsible for each area.

Some of the more interesting findings from this survey include:

1. DEBT: Applicants reported their mean debt load related to
   graduate level study in psychology was $75,654 (SD = 62,483,
   median = $70,000) at the time of the survey (see question 11).
   More than one-third (38%) reported a debt of $100,000
   or higher, while 15% reported debt exceeding $150,000.

   Please note that these figures do not include any additional
   debt that these students will accrue during the remainder of
   their graduate training (e.g., during internship).

2. CLASS SIZE: Applicants reported the number of students in
   their entering doctoral class and the number of students
   in their program who applied to internship this year (see
   questions 9 and 10). Approximately 17% of applicants
   reported having an entering doctoral class that exceeded 40
   students, while 12% reported having more than 40 students
   from their program apply to internship this year.

3. COST: The average total cost of participating in the
   selection process increased this year, up 11.0%. This
   compares to a 1.7% increase from 2006 to 2007.

   As seen in previous years, the cost of participation varied
   dramatically across applicants. While the average applicant
   spent $1,702 (SD = $1,493, median = $1,325), many applicants
   spent considerably less while many spent considerably more
   (see question 23).

4. PREVIOUS PARTICIPATION: Approximately 9% of applicants
   reported having participated in a previous APPIC Match
   (see question 13). This compares to 7% in 2007, 6% in
   2006 and 2005, and 5% in 2004.

5. GENDER: Approximately 79% of internship applicants in the
   2008 Match were female (see question 34). Questions 29-37
   provide additional demographic information.

6. NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS: Applicants submitted an average of
   13.9 internship applications (see question 18) and received
   an average of 6.4 interviews (see question 20). The mean
   numbers of submitted applications in previous years were:

    2007 Match    13.4 applications
    2006 Match    12.9 applications
    2005 Match    12.4 applications
    2004 Match    12.4 applications
    2003 Match    12.1 applications
    2002 Match    13.1 applications
    1999 Match    13.8 applications

7. PRACTICUM HOURS: Question 42 provides the median numbers
   of practicum hours reported by applicants. Intervention
   and Assessment hours increased by 3% as compared to the
   2007 Match, while Supervision hours increased by 2%.

   APPIC recommends that applicants interpret these numbers
   cautiously. Applicants should NOT assume that the numbers
   of practicum hours reported are necessary to successfully
   obtain an internship, as many Training Directors have told
   us that they consider these raw numbers to be one of the
   less important aspects of an application.

8. SALARY: Matched applicants reported a mean internship
   salary of $22,794 (SD = $7,911, median = $22,800). See
   question 26.

=========================================================================

1.  Type of Doctoral Program
 
    Clinical    2091     79 %
    Counseling   328     12 %
    School       127      5 %
    Combined      62      2 %
    Other         27      1 %
 
    INTERPRETATION NOTE:  A "combined" program could mean:  (a) a doctoral
    program that defines itself as a "combined" program (e.g., clinical-
    school), or (b) an arrangement negotiated by a student in which he/she
    integrates the curricula of two separate doctoral programs at his/her
    school.
 
 
2.  Degree Sought
 
    Ph.D.       1521     58 %
    Psy.D.      1104     42 %
    Ed.D.          0      0 %
    Other         10      0 %
 
    NOTE:  Eight of the ten who designated “other” reported that they were
    respecializing.
 
                                                                                                
3.  Is your doctoral program APA- or CPA-accredited?
 
    Yes         2488     95 %
    No           139      5 %
 
 
4.  Location of your doctoral Program
 
    United States             2525     96%
    Canada                      80      3%
    Other, please specify       18      1%
 
 
5.  Is your program housed within a religiously-affiliated institution?
 
    Yes          356     14 %
    No          2256     86 %
 
 
6.  Please select the training model of your DOCTORAL program (as you
    specified on your AAPI):
 
    Scientist-Practitioner    1292     49%
    Practitioner-Scholar or   1005     38%
       Scholar-Practitioner
    Practitioner                30      1%
    Clinical Scientist         116      4%
    Local Clinical Scientist    56      2%
    Other, please specify      126      5%
 
 
7.  Including the current (2007-2008) academic year, how many years
    have you been enrolled in your CURRENT doctoral program (excluding
    any time spent in other doctoral or masters programs):
 
    This is my 2nd year         24      1%
    This is my 3rd year        362     14%
    This is my 4th year       1106     42%
    This is my 5th year        749     29%
    This is my 6th year        255     10%
    This is my 7th year         81      3%
    This is my 8th year         30      1%
    This is my 9th year         10      0%
    This is my 10th year         6      0%
    This is my 11th (or          4      0%
        later) year
 
 
8.  Please check the item that best describes your status PRIOR to
    entering your CURRENT doctoral program:
 
    I had NO prior graduate-level training              1533    58%
    I had a Master’s degree in psychology                618    23%
    I had a Master's degree in a mental health field     215     8%
        other than psychology (e.g., counseling,
        social work, marriage and family)
    I had a Master's degree in an unrelated field         81     3%
    I had been enrolled in a Master's program in          67     3%
        psychology but did not receive a degree
    I had been enrolled in a Master's program in a        14     1%
        mental health field other than psychology
        (e.g., counseling, social work, marriage and
        family) but did not receive a degree
    I had been enrolled in a Master's program in an       18     1%
        unrelated field but did not receive a degree
    Other, please specify                                 84     3%
 
 
9.  Including yourself, how many students began your current doctoral
    program in the same academic year in which you were admitted?
    Please estimate if you don't know the exact number.
 
       Mean  = 22.6      Median = 13
       SD    = 23.5      Mode   = 8
 
       1-10        1208    46%
       11-20        482    18%
       21-30        335    13%
       31-40        138     5%
       41-50        130     5%
       51-60         79     3%
       61-70         52     2%
       71-80         63     2%
       81-90         36     1%
       91-100        49     2%
       101 or more   37     1%
 
 
10. Including yourself, how many students from your current doctoral
    program applied for internship this year?  Please include all
    students who initially applied, regardless of whether or not they
    stayed in the process or were successful in locating an internship
    position.  Please estimate if you don't know the exact number.
 
       Mean  = 18.3      Median = 8
       SD    = 20.7      Mode   = 8
 
       1-10        1376    53%
       11-20        502    19%
       21-30        268    10%
       31-40        141     5%
       41-50         91     4%
       51-60         40     2%
       61-70         49     2%
       71-80         67     3%
       81-90         25     1%
       91-100        33     1%
       101 or more    8     0%
 
 
11. Please estimate the total amount of DEBT that you have accrued
    to date as a consequence of attending GRADUATE SCHOOL IN
    PSYCHOLOGY, including tuition, fees, living expenses, books, etc.
 
    Please include all forms of debt such as student loans, credit
    cards, personal loans, etc.  Please do NOT include undergraduate
    debt or debt that is unrelated to your graduate training.
 
       Mean  = $75,654      Median = $70,000
       SD    = $62,483      Mode   = $0
 
       $0                   409     16%
       $10,000              175      7%
       $20,000              156      6%
       $30,000              136      5%
       $40,000              124      5%
       $50,000              128      5%
       $60,000              116      4%
       $70,000              125      5%
       $80,000              144      6%
       $90,000              103      4%
       $100,000 - $140,000  594     23%
       $150,000 - $190,000  272     10%
       $200,000 - $240,000   94      4%
       $250,000 - $290,000   25      1%
       $300,000 - $340,000    4      0%
       $350,000 or higher     5      0%
 
    NOTE:  Virtually all applicants will remain in training for
    at least 18 months (including the internship year) after the
    completion of this survey and may incur additional debt
    during that period.
 
 
12. Which of the following internship programs would be considered
    acceptable to your doctoral program?  Please check all that apply.
 
         An accredited internship program     2570     99%
 
         An APPIC-member internship program   1411     54%
         that is NOT accredited
 
         An internship program that is NOT     664     25%
         accredited and NOT an APPIC member
 
         An unpaid internship program          783     30%
 
 
13. Please check the item that applies to you (please respond even if
    you withdrew from the Match or did not submit a Rank Order List):
 
         This is my FIRST time               2392    91%
         participating in the Match
 
         This is my SECOND time               220     8%
         participating in the Match
 
         This is my THIRD time                  9     0%
         participating in the Match
 
         This is my FOURTH time                 2     0%
         participating in the Match
 
         Other                                  4     0%
 
 
14. Were you matched to an internship program by the APPIC Match?
    (i.e., did your official notification from National Matching
    Services [NMS] indicate that you were successfully matched to
    an internship program?)
 
    Yes                                 2117     80%
    No                                   431     16%
    Withdrew / No rankings submitted      89      3%
 
    NOTE:  These results suggest that unmatched applicants and
    those who withdrew or didn't submit Rank Order Lists may
    be underrepresented in this survey.
 
 
15a. The materials and instructions provided by National Matching
     Services (NMS) were clear and comprehensive.
 
     Strongly Agree     1538     58 %
     Agree               926     35 %
     Neutral              89      3 %
     Disagree             39      1 %
     Strongly Disagree    42      2 %
 
 
15b. The registration process with NMS went smoothly.
 
     Strongly Agree     1805     69 %
     Agree               685     26 %
     Neutral              62      2 %
     Disagree             40      2 %
     Strongly Disagree    42      2 %
 
 
15c. The submission of my Rank Order List to NMS went smoothly.
 
     Strongly Agree     1924     76 %
     Agree               538     21 %
     Neutral              30      1 %
     Disagree             13      1 %
     Strongly Disagree    42      2 %
 
 
15d. NMS was responsive to my questions and concerns
     (choose "N/A" if you never contacted NMS).
 
     Strongly Agree      310     58 %
     Agree               139     26 %
     Neutral              44      8 %
     Disagree             20      4 %
     Strongly Disagree    20      4 %
 
 
15e. I am satisfied with the Match result that I received from
     the Matching Program.
 
     Strongly Agree     1397     55 %
     Agree               482     19 %
     Neutral             162      6 %
     Disagree            165      7 %
     Strongly Disagree   324     13 %
 
 
15f. Overall, I am satisfied with the APPIC Matching Program.
 
     Strongly Agree      969     37 %
     Agree               774     30 %
     Neutral             357     14 %
     Disagree            278     11 %
     Strongly Disagree   228      9 %
 
 
16a. In your judgment, did you experience any violation(s) of
     APPIC Match Policies by any site?
 
     Yes                 220      8 %
     No                 2175     83 %
     Unsure              231      9 %
 
     NOTE:  Results to this question from previous years:
 
                      YES    NO    UNSURE
               2007    8%    84%     8%
               2006    9%    83%     9%
               2005    8%    85%     7%
               2004    8%    86%     7%
               2003   11%    77%    12%
               2002   11%    78%    12%
               2001   10%    76%    14%
               2000   15%    74%    12%
               1999   12%    77%    11%
 
     It should be noted that Match Policy changes over the years
     may have influenced responses to this item.
 
 
16b. Did you reveal any ranking information (e.g., "You are my
     first choice") to any site?
 
     Yes                  16      1 %
     No                 2594     99 %
     Unsure               12      0 %
 
 
16c. Did you experience inappropriate pressure from any site to
     reveal your rankings?
 
     Yes                  73      3 %
     No                 2504     96 %
     Unsure               43      2 %
 
 
16d. Did any site reveal ranking information to you (e.g., "You
     are our first choice")?
 
     Yes                  66      3 %
     No                 2505     96 %
     Unsure               51      2 %
 
 
17a. In general, my doctoral program faculty provided a high
     level of support for my internship application and interview
     experience.
 
     Strongly Agree      953     36 %
     Agree               811     31 %
     Neutral             336     13 %
     Disagree            353     13 %
     Strongly Disagree   169      6 %
     Not Applicable        5      0 %
 
 
17b. I worked closely with other students in my program
     throughout the process (e.g., sharing information, giving
     and receiving support).
 
     Strongly Agree      917     35 %
     Agree               859     33 %
     Neutral             352     13 %
     Disagree            334     13 %
     Strongly Disagree   154      6 %
     Not Applicable       11      0 %
 
 
17c. I took the selection process very seriously (i.e., I
     worked hard on my application, invested much time and
     energy, etc.).
 
     Strongly Agree     2195     84 %
     Agree               363     14 %
     Neutral              44      2 %
     Disagree              9      0 %
     Strongly Disagree    11      0 %
     Not Applicable        2      0 %
 
 
17d. I attended local or national workshops that focused on
     the internship selection process.
 
     Strongly Agree      343     13 %
     Agree               440     17 %
     Neutral             135      5 %
     Disagree            515     20 %
     Strongly Disagree   873     33 %
     Not Applicable      317     12 %
 
 
17e. I used reference materials (e.g., the APAGS workbook,
     other books) to educate myself about the internship
     selection process.
 
     Strongly Agree      990     38 %
     Agree               829     32 %
     Neutral             160      6 %
     Disagree            256     10 %
     Strongly Disagree   304     12 %
     Not Applicable       86      3 %
 
 
18.  To how many internship sites did you apply (i.e., how many
     separate internship applications did you submit)?
 
     Mean  = 13.9           Median = 14
     SD    =  5.7           Mode   = 15
 
 
19.  Considering ALL of the sites to which you applied, how many
     did NOT notify you of your interview status (e.g., received an
     interview, no longer under consideration) on or before the
     "interview notification date" listed in their APPIC Directory
     information?  For example, if all of your sites notified you
     in a timely manner, choose "0".
 
     Mean  = 1.2           Median = 0
     SD    = 2.6           Mode   = 0
 
     NOTE:  A total of 57.9% of applicants reported being properly
     notified of their interview status by all sites to which
     they applied.
 
 
20.  How many interviews (telephone or on-site) were you offered?
 
     Mean  =  6.4           Median = 6
     SD    =  3.8           Mode   = 5
 
 
21.  How many programs did you include on your final Rank Order List
     (i.e., how many program code numbers were listed)?
 
     Mean  =  7.0           Median = 7
     SD    =  4.3           Mode   = 5
 
     NOTE:  Use caution when comparing these numbers with the results
     from questions 18-20, since some sites used multiple program code
     numbers.
 
 
22.  Did you participate in the Match with another person as a
     “couple” (i.e., by using special Match procedures to submit
     pairs of rankings)?
 
     Yes                  28      1 %
     No                 2591     99 %
 
 
23.  APPIC would like to know how much money you spent on various
     aspects of the application and selection process.
 
     APPLICATION COSTS involve preparing and submitting applications
     to sites, and may include such items as obtaining official copies
     of transcripts, printing, copying, regular and overnight mailing,
     etc.  TRAVEL COSTS may include such items as air or train fare,
     car rental, taxi, gasoline, hotel, etc.  OTHER COSTS may include
     such items as your Match registration fee ($110 or $140),
     clothing costs, phone calls, etc.
 
     Please enter your BEST ESTIMATE of the dollar amount spent, digits
     only, in each of the following areas (e.g., one hundred dollars
     would be entered as simply 100):
 
     TOTAL COSTS:         Mean   = $1702   SD     = 1493
                          Median = $1300   Mode   = 1100
 
     APPLICATION COSTS:   Mean   = $ 218   SD     = 179
                          Median = $ 200   Mode   = 200
 
     TRAVEL COSTS:        Mean   = $1288   SD     = 1332
                          Median = $ 900   Mode   = 2000
 
     OTHER COSTS:         Mean   = $ 297   SD     = 281
                          Median = $ 220   Mode   = 200
 
 
     NOTE:  The mean total cost increased by $169 (11.0%) from 2007 to
     2008.  Mean increases were seen in travel (up $139, 12.1%),
     application costs (up $19, 8.7%), and other costs (up $13, 4.6%)
     from 2007.
 
 
 
                   INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR INTERNSHIP
 
24.  Location of the internship program to which you were matched:
 
     United States      1986    96%
     Canada               82     4%
     Other                 9     0%
 
     NOTE:  Eight of the nine who designated “other” reported being
     matched to an internship in Puerto Rico.
 
 
25.  Please check all that apply regarding your new internship
     program and position:
 
     I was matched to an APA- or CPA-accredited       1786    86%
     internship program
 
     I was matched to an APPIC-member internship      Not Reported
     program
 
     My position will be a full-time, one-year        Not Reported
     position
 
     My position will be a half-time, two-year        Not Reported
     position
 
     NOTE:  Results from the last three items were not reported
     because they are believed to be inaccurate.  Many applicants
     appeared to miss the “check all that apply” portion of the
     instructions.
 
 
26.  Please enter the approximate amount of the annual stipend /
     salary for your position (e.g., if your stipend is $12,000
     for the year, enter "12000", if unfunded, enter "0"). Please
     estimate if you don't know the exact amount.
 
     Mean  =  $22,794           Median = $22,800
     SD    =  $ 7,911           Mode   = $20,000
 
 
27.  Please select the setting(s) that best describe the internship
     program to which you were matched (please check all that apply):
 
     Armed Forces Medical Center                   45     2%
     Child/Adolescent Psychiatric/Pediatrics      352    17%
     Community Mental Health Center               363    17%
     Consortium                                   207    10%
     Medical School                               317    15%
     Prison/Other Correctional Facility            92     4%
     Private General Hospital                     133     6%
     Private Outpatient Clinic                     92     4%
     Private Psychiatric Hospital                  81     4%
     Psychology Department                         48     2%
     School District                               70     3%
     State/County/Other Public Hospital           246    12%
     University Counseling Center                 298    14%
     Veterans Affairs Medical Center              351    17%
     Other (please specify)                        77     4%
 
 
28.  What was the rank of the program that you were matched to?
 
     (Please see the 2008 APPIC Match Statistics for this information)
 
 
 
                           DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
 
29.  What is your age?
 
     Mean  =  30.6           Median = 29
     SD    =   6.3           Mode   = 27
     Range =  23 to 68       N      = 2558
 
 
30.  How many dependent children are currently living with you?
 
     None      2180     85%
     1          231      9%
     2          103      4%
     3           25      1%
     4           10      0%
     5            1      0%
 
 
31.  How many adult dependents are currently living with you, or for
     whom you are responsible?  (DO include other relatives or
     individuals, i.e., mother, father, grandparent, ward.  DO NOT
     include an able-bodied spouse/partner).
 
     None      2417     95%
     1           99      4%
     2           10      0%
     3            5      0%
     4            1      0%
     5            1      0%
 
 
32.  What is your current marital or relationship status?
 
     Married / Partnered             1382     54 %
     Not Married or Partnered        1170     46 %
 
 
33.  What is your country of citizenship?
 
     U.S.                            2345     92 %
     Canada                           113      4 %
     Other                             91      4 %
 
 
34.  What is your gender?
 
     Male                             540     21 %
     Female                          2013     79 %
     Other (e.g., trans, intersex)      3      0 %
 
 
35.  What is your racial/ethnic identification?  (Check all
     that apply)
 
     African-American / Black              154      6 %
     American Indian / Alaskan Native       36      1 %
     Asian / Pacific Islander              158      6 %
     Hispanic / Latino                     187      7 %
     White (Non-Hispanic)                 2002     78 %
     Bi-racial / Multi-racial               74      3 %
     Other                                  63      2 %
 
 
36.  What is your sexual orientation?
 
     Heterosexual            2343     92 %
     Gay Male                  58      2 %
     Lesbian                   59      2 %
     Bisexual                  72      3 %
     Other                     10      0 %
 
 
37.  What types of disability(ies) do you have?  Check all
     that apply. (If none, please check “None”)
 
     None                                  2334     94 %
     Blind / Visually Impaired                6      0 %
     Deaf / Hard of Hearing                   8      0 %
     Physical / Orthopedic Disability        11      0 %
     Learning Disability / Cognitive         33      1 %
     Chronic Health Condition                63      3 %
     Mental Illness                          29      1 %
     Other                                   20      1 %
 
     NOTE:  Percentages were calculated based on the entire
     subject pool of 2,656 applicants.
 
 
38.  (Open-Ended Question)
 
 
39.  Did you have any geographic restrictions on your internship
     search that EITHER (a) reduced the number of sites to which
     you applied, OR (b) kept you from applying to sites in which
     you were interested?
 
     Yes                1290     50 %
     No                 1265     50 %
 
 
40.  IF YOU ANSWERED "YES" TO QUESTION 39:  Which of the following
     best describes the reason for your geographic restriction:
 
     I could only apply in a particular    514     40 %
     geographic area because of
     significant family, financial,
     and/or health considerations
 
     I chose to restrict my search to      745     58 %
     particular geographic area(s) due
     to personal preference (e.g.,
     preferred place to live, to be
     near family or friends)
 
     Other                                  36      3 %
 
 
41.  IF YOU ANSWERED "YES" TO QUESTION 39:  Which of the following
     best describes your geographic restriction?
 
     A single city or town, or within      402     31 %
     a 100-mile radius of a city/town
 
     State / Province                      186     14 %
 
     Region of the Country                 544     42 %
 
     Other                                 168     13 %
 
 
 
                      QUESTIONS ABOUT YOUR AAPI
 
42.  We would like to know the TOTAL NUMBER OF PRACTICUM HOURS that
     you reported on your AAPI.  This includes ALL of your practicum
     hours, including doctoral hours and hours accrued in a terminal
     masters program.
 
     In Section 3, Item 3, "Summary of Practicum Hours," please look
     in the right-most column, TOTAL COMPLETED HOURS, and enter the
     hours listed for:
 
     a.  Intervention and Assessment:   Median =  787   n = 2120
 
     b.  Supervision:                   Median =  364   n = 2103
 
     NOTE:  Intervention and Assessment hours increased by 3% from
     the 2007 Match, while Supervision hours increased by 2%.
 
     APPIC advises applicants to interpret these numbers cautiously.
     Applicants should NOT assume that the numbers of practicum hours
     listed above are necessary to successfully obtain an internship,
     as many Training Directors have told us that they consider these
     numbers to be one of the less important aspects of an application.
 
 
43.  For each of the following populations, what was the total number
     of supervised integrated psychological reports that you reported
     on your AAPI?  This information can be found in Section 4 of the
     AAPI ("Test Administration"), item 4.
 
     a.  Adults                         Median = 6      n = 1867
 
     b.  Children / Adolescents         Median = 5      n = 1618
 
     NOTE:  Respondents who designated completing zero reports or
     left the item blank were excluded from the calculation.  Only
     medians were reported, as means and standard deviations were
     greatly affected by a few applicants who reported an extremely
     large number of integrated reports.
 
 
44.  Please designate when you completed (or intend to complete) your
     doctoral comprehensive / qualifying / preliminary examinations:
 
     Not applicable                                   66     3%
     Prior to submitting internship applications    2122    90%
     Prior to attending internship interviews         46     2%
     Prior to the ranking deadline for the Match      20     1%
     Prior to the beginning of internship             72     3%
     During the internship year                       12     1%
     After the completion of internship               11     0%
 
 
45.  Please designate when your proposal for your dissertation or
     doctoral research project was or will be approved:
 
     Not applicable                                   24     1%
     Prior to submitting internship applications    1679    72%
     Prior to attending internship interviews        131     6%
     Prior to the ranking deadline for the Match      76     3%
     Prior to the beginning of internship            395    17%
     During the internship year                       34     1%
     After the completion of internship                5     0%
 
 
46.  Please designate when the final defense for your dissertation
     or doctoral research project occurred or will occur:
 
     Not applicable                                   87     4%
     Prior to submitting internship applications     110     5%
     Prior to attending internship interviews         35     1%
     Prior to the ranking deadline for the Match       5     0%
     Prior to the beginning of internship           1025    44%
     During the internship year                      951    41%
     After the completion of internship              131     6%
 
 
47.  How many publications were listed on the Curriculum Vitae that
     you submitted to internship sites?  (Please estimate if you don't
     know the exact number).
 
     Mean  = 2.2      Median = 1
     SD    = 3.5      Mode   = 0
 
     None            1043    45 %
     1                338    14 %
     2                247    11 %
     3                194     8 %
     4                128     5 %
     5 to 9           285    12 %
     10 to 14          65     3 %
     15 to 19          22     1 %
     20 or more        15     1 %
 
 
48.  How many presentations were listed on the Curriculum Vitae that
     you submitted to internship sites?  (Please estimate if you don't
     know the exact number).
 
     Mean  = 5.3      Median = 3
     SD    = 5.9      Mode   = 0
 
     None             497    21 %
     1                254    11 %
     2                240    10 %
     3                199     9 %
     4                160     7 %
     5 to 9           489    21 %
     10 to 14         273    12 %
     15 to 19         126     5 %
     20 or more        92     4 %